Facts & Research

Violence Prevention: World Health Organization

Six key ways to prevent violence:

  1. Develop safe, stable and nurturing relationships between children and their parents, caregivers and caring adults.

  2. Develop life skills for building healthy relationships and coping with trauma in children and adolescents.

  3. Reduce access to guns by perpetrators, children and teens.

  4. Promote gender equality to prevent violence against women and girls.

  5. Change cultural and social norms that support violence.

  6. Reduce violence through alleviating help-seeking barriers.

Violence Prevention: Centers for Disease Control

This is a marathon, not a sprint. Root cause prevention takes time. Violence prevention and intervention approaches are not one size fits all. BLOOM365's youth-centered education, advocacy and activism work involves all levels of the social ecology from individuals, to relationships, to communities and systems.

Risk Factors

There are several prevalent risk factors that indicate if a child or teen will become abusive or violent. They are listed on the infographic.


In terms of violence prevention, a risk factor is any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of them perpetrating verbal, emotional or physical violence.

Protective Factors

Protective factors are conditions or attributes (skills, strengths, resources, supports or coping strategies) in individuals, families, communities or the larger society that help people deal more effectively with stressful events and mitigate or eliminate risk for becoming abusive or violent.


At BLOOM365, these risk and protective factors, along with an extensive collection of research and our own evidence informed data, guide our prevention and intervention work with teens, schools and communities.

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The correlation between Teen Dating Abuse/Domestic Violence and Gun Violence

Violence is a social disease of power and control. It is NOT about anger. If this was a problem stemmed in anger every human who gets angry would be violent. Mass shooters and perpetrators of teen dating abuse/domestic violence feel powerless and gain power and control through violence. The Root Causes of power and control that manifest into abuse and violence include:

  • Rigid and unhealthy gender norms

  • Social acceptance of violence in media, communities and families

  • Insecurity and fear

  • Taught abusive behavior

  • Choice

  • Oppression/Patriarchy



What do these seemingly random perpetrators have in common? 


  • Domestic Violence:

    • More than 50% of the mass shooters in the U.S. in recent years have roots in perpetrating or experiencing dating abuse, domestic violence, sexual assault or bullying.

    • 100% of school shooters are males and 92% of all mass shooters are males

    • 54% of mass shooters are white

    • AR-15’s were used in the mass casualty shootings in Parkland, Las Vegas, Sutherland Springs, Sandy Hook, San Bernadino, Orlando and Aurora

  • Psychiatic Drugs:

    • Only 12% of the school shootings and school related acts of violence have been committed by those diagnosed with a mental illness and who were taking or psychiatric drugs.








What are the signs that someone is at risk for become a mass shooter?

  • History of domestic violence, possessiveness/dominance behavior

  • History of being bullied/ lone wolf/ ostracized

  • Access to and/or fixation with weapons

  • Feeling powerless (no self-esteem, no social connections, no stability)

  • Lack of empathy

  • Posting thoughts of committing violence or posing with weapons on social media

  • Belief in rigid gender roles such as male dominance

LGBT teens experience dating abuse more frequently than teen heterosexual couples.

The reality is that gender and sexual minority people are more likely than any other marginalized group to be victims of a hate crime. LGBTQ people of color are even more vulnerable to violence because they stand at an intersection of societal oppressions many do not face.


According to an Urban Institute study,  lesbian, gay, bisexual females, bisexual males, and transgendered teens each experience different types of abuse at different rates. Dating transgendered teens that participated in the study experienced the most abuse and coercion across the board and by large margins. Female teens in a relationship experienced more abuse than dating male teens in all categories except physical abuse.


Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Impact on

Violence Victimization

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